South Lancaster Academy

Our Curriculum



English I

An overview of the different types of literature and a careful study in paragraph writing with a review of grammar.
2 semesters, 1 credit

English II

A study of the genres of literature with emphasis on structure and form; a study of basic nonfiction and creative writing.
2 semesters, 1 credit

English III

A chronological survey of selected works by American writers. Students will learn to analyze or appreciate literature in different forms, according to Seventh‐day Adventist Christian standards of good literature.
2 semesters, 1 credit

English IV

A course designed to acquaint students with major English writers who have helped determine our western culture. Works by Shakespeare, Milton, Bunyan, Swift, Wordsworth, Dickens, and others will be studied.
2 semesters, 1 credit


Algebra I  

An understanding of the real number system is developed and used throughout the course. Functions are presented as sets or ordered pairs and as mappings. Abundant and varied practice in computation and problem‐solving for three levels is provided.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Algebra II

* Prerequisite: Algebra I.
This course includes a review of elementary algebra with topics in trigonometry, logarithms, conic sections, polynomial functions, matrices, determinants, permutation, combinations, and probability. Relation and functions are thoroughly explored and used to unify the course.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Basic Algebra

Basic Algebra emphasizes basic math skills that will strengthen a student’s foundational skills for higher math courses. Numeration, computations, fractions, ratio and proportions, and introduction to geometric and algebraic expressions will be covered.
2 semesters, 1 credit


* Prerequisite: Algebra I.
Skills are developed in deductive reasoning, and the logic in deductive proofs is plainly revealed through recognition of postulates, definitions, and theorems. Both induction and intuition aid in discovery of problems and solutions. Algebra and geometry are integrated in novel treatment of number properties. Plane geometry is extended to solid geometry throughout the course to demonstrate spatial relationships.
2 semesters, 1 credit


This course is designed to develop facility with the topics and techniques necessary for first semester calculus. This includes polynomial and rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions and identities. It includes composition and inverse functions, complex numbers, and radian measure.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Physical Education and Health

Physical Education (Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, & Senior)

Offerings include beginning classes in the following courses: racket sports, conditioning, softball, basketball, volleyball, and fitness for life.
1‐2 semesters, .5 credit


A course designed to help students appreciate the value of physical, mental and social health, and to
help them acquire the knowledge they need to achieve and maintain such a state of well‐being.
1 semester, .5 credit

Physical Education Independent Study

A minimum of 100 minutes per week is required for P.E. Those having a physician's letter excusing them from Physical Education need to do substitute work as assigned by the instructor.


Religion I ‐ Early Old Testament/Life of Jesus

First semester is a study of Genesis in order to understand God's love for man. Second semester is the
continuing theme of God's love reflected in the Life of Christ in the Gospels.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Religion II ‐ History of God’s Church

A historical survey of the development of God's People. First semester covers the book of Exodus, an Old
Testament survey, the Inter‐testament period, and the Reformation. Second semester is a historical
survey of the Seventh‐day Adventist Church describing God's final church in action.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Religion III ‐ Bible Doctrines

First semester is a study of the book of Romans with the portrayal of salvation, followed by a study of
the prophecies of Daniel and Revelation. Second semester is a study of the fundamental Adventist
doctrines including the Sabbath, the Second Coming, and the Judgment. Principles of Bible study are
also developed and applied.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Religion IV ‐ World Religion, Morals, Dating and Relationships, Marriage & Family

A study of human behavior as it relates to the problems and adjustments of everyday life. Special
emphasis is given to practical Christianity, vocations, love, courtship, and marriage.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Spirit of Prophecy

A one semester course designed to introduce the student to the person, ministry, and writings of Ellen
G. White who was faithful to her prophetic calling in the formative years of Adventism, and whose
formal thought has greatly assisted the church in a greater appreciation and understanding of the
Scripture. Emphasis will be placed on how to read her writings with a balanced, historical, contextual
approach. Computer lab assignments will facilitate a wide spectrum of topics for research. This course
may be substituted for first semester of Religion III.
1 semester, .5 credit

Daniel and Revelation

This course is designed to help students develop basic understanding of the relationship between the
books of Daniel and Revelation and Adventist Christian faith. The lessons are intended to foster
confidence in God’s control over the events of history through apocalyptic prophecy and the vital role of
the three angels in the Seventh‐day Adventist Church. This course may be substituted for first semester
of Religion IV.
1 semester, .5 credit

Gospel of John

A one semester course designed to introduce the student to the Gospel of John. Focus will be on the
essential teachings of Jesus and their relevance in today’s world.
1 semester, .5 credit


Anatomy and Physiology

Pre‐requisite requirements: minimum 55th percentile language composite score on the most recent ITED exam and a minimum final grade of B in Biology or permission of the instructor.
A study that emphasizes the anatomy and physiology of the human body. This course will include a survey of skeletal, muscular, nervous, respiratory, digestive, circulatory, lymphatic, endocrine, and reproductive systems. There will be a lab fee.
2 semesters, 1 credit


A study of living things. Topics include: genetics, cell biology, botany, zoology, ecology, and human
anatomy. Laboratory experiences are provided with the microscope, prepared specimens, and selected
dissections. A laboratory science course required of all students. There will be a lab fee.
2 semesters, 1 credit


Pre‐requisite requirements: C or better in Algebra I or by permission of instructor. 
This is a college preparatory course. The topics include: subatomic particles, atoms, compounds, reactions, periodic chart, entropy, enthalpy, organic materials and reactions, study of gases, acid/base reactions, pH, and re/ox reactions. Students learn how to use basic equipment in laboratory and basic safety. There will be a lab fee. 
2 semesters, 1 credit


* Pre‐requisite requirements: minimum 55th percentile language composite score on the most recent ITED exam and a minimum final grade of B in Biology or permission of the instructor.
A study of heredity and variation. Topics include: patterns of inheritance, molecular structure, replication of the genetic material, molecular properties of genes, and genetic technologies. There will be a lab fee.  
2 semesters, 1 credit

Physical Science  

A study of basic chemistry, physics and astronomy. This course prepares students for advance studies in
chemistry and physics. Students will learn lab procedures and code behaviors. There is a lab fee.
2 semesters, 1 credit


Pre‐requisite: Algebra I and Geometry.  
This course may be taken concurrently with Algebra II. The topics studied are mechanics, heat, waves, electricity, and atomic physics. Each topic is organized in a graded development that starts with the simpler ideas and goes on to the more complex. The relationship between matter and energy is stressed throughout the course. There will be a lab fee.
2 semesters, 1 credit


* Pre‐requisite: Biology.  
This is an introductory zoology course focusing on animal identification and classification. Learning strategies will include diagramming and caring for small animals. There will be an emphasis on research, projects, field and lab work.
1 semester, .5 credits

Social Studies

Multicultural History

This course will examine the journey of four different ethnic groups throughout American history: the Irish, Chinese, African Americans, and Hispanics. The scope of history for the class will be from colonial times to present‐day events. A field trip to the Mashantucket Pequot Museum is included.
1 semester, .5 credits

The World Since 1945

This course will examine the political, economic, environmental, and cultural trends in world history since the end of World War II. Topics will include the Cold War, independence and national movements in developing countries, the globalization of the world economy, scientific and technological innovations, wealth and poverty, pandemics and disease control, the fall of the Soviet Union, Middle
East turmoil, and the emergence of environmental issues as a growing dimension of global affairs.
1 semester; .5 credit

U.S. History

This course traces the development of the U.S. from its founding through its rise to world prominence in the twentieth‐century. The early history of this nation, from the Colonial Era through the Civil War, will be reviewed during the first quarter. The emphasis of this course is on nineteenth‐century and twentieth‐century developments which prepared the U.S. for its role as a world power. Field trips to the Freedom Trail in Boston and Battleship Cove.
2 semester; 1 credit

U.S. Government

This course examines the structure, functions, and historical development of government in the U.S. at the national and state/local levels. Current issues, especially those which are most resistant to legislative solutions, will provide a major part of the material for this course.  
Community service and altruistic activity opportunities are included as well as field trips to the Salem District Courthouse, Massachusetts State House, and Lancaster Town Hall.
1 semester; .5 credit

World History

This course introduces students to world history from the rise of ancient times to current events around the globe with a focus on economic, social, and political aspects of different societies. Focus will be placed on strengthening of study skills and research techniques as well as emphasis on primary source and map‐based interpretation and analysis. Field trips to Higgins Armory Museum, Russian Icons Museum, Worcester Art Museum are included.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Fine Arts

Bell Choir

This course provides a growing musical experience. Each student must strive for excellence in bell techniques to provide a cohesive group. This is a public performance‐based class. Members will be chosen by audition and must be a part of the group for both semesters. 
2 semesters, .5 credit


A vocal ensemble designed to develop vocal techniques and expose the students to the basics of music theory while giving them an opportunity to perform standard vocal literature. This is a performance‐based class open to all students. A minimum number of public performances are required for grading purposes. Auditions may be required.
2 semesters, .5 credits

Private Music Lessons

A maximum of one‐half credit may be applied toward Fine Art credit. Additional music lesson credits may be applied to general electives.  
A thirty minute weekly lesson for a school year is worth .5 credit  A sixty minute lesson for a school year is 1.0 credit


A chamber vocal ensemble designed to further expose the students to a wide variety of musical styles and literature. This is a public performance‐based class. Specialized attire may be required. Students are auditioned from the choir.
2 semesters, .5 credits

Worship Drama

This is a performance‐based class. Various forms of acting will be practiced to express spiritual themes. Students are required to present at various Sabbath and other religious functions throughout the school year. Students must audition prior to enrolling in the class.  
2 semesters ‐ .5 credits

Multi‐Media Journalism

This course is designed to introduce students to the basics of news reporting through written and visual mediums. Students will learn the fundamentals of news writing including information gathering, headline writing, and interview techniques. Students will also learn the fundamentals of scriptwriting, filming techniques, and post‐production. Programs such as Adobe InDesign and Photoshop, along with
Apple iMovie and Final Cut Express will be introduced and mastered. Limited class seats are available.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Foreign Language

Spanish I

An introductory course designed to establish basic principles of Spanish grammar with emphasis on conversation skills and reading of simple material on Spanish culture. Language laboratory materials assist in acquiring listening and speaking skills.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Spanish II

* Pre‐requisite: Spanish I.  
Review of grammar combined with oral and writing practice, continued vocabulary building through reading, aural‐oral drill and laboratory practice.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Technology‐Business Education


A course designed to introduce accounting principles and vocabulary. The course stresses learning to analyze transactions and to apply the rules of debit and credit.
1 semester, .5 credits

Computer Applications

An introduction to various computer applications. Students are introduced to the creation of presentations, spreadsheets, and databases using the integrated program Microsoft Office 2007. In the second semester instruction is given in the use of a word processing software program with emphasis on functions related to the creation of documents required in an educational setting.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Entrepreneurial Seminar

* Pre‐requisite: Intro to Business.  
This course is an independent class offered to those students who desire to study in‐depth the planning and development of a small business. Meeting for scheduled seminars with various local entrepreneurial mentors, the student will develop a formal business proposal and plan for presentation to a committee of local businessmen and designated faculty.  The committee determines the worthiness of the business for startup. If selected for funding, the student must begin the business during the current school year.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Introduction to Business

The major purpose of the course is to contribute to improved citizenship through a study of the business and economic environment in which we live. This course covers topics such as consumer education, banking, personal finance, and careers. Can also be counted as math credit for students pursuing a general diploma.  
1 semester, .5 credit 

Mathematics for Business

This course covers the mathematical processes and techniques currently used in the fields of business and finance. It includes basic business math skills with particular emphasis on percentages, interest, discounts, arithmetic of payroll taxes, bank statements, reconciliation, establishing retail prices, consumer credit, simple interest, compound interest, and consumer loans. Can be used as math or business credit.
2 semesters, 1 credit

Web Design

This course is designed to familiarize students with the creation and management of web pages and websites using Macromedia Dreamweaver. Flash MX is introduced for creating Flash movie clips.
1 semester, .5 credit


Career Studies

This course is designed to assist students with exploring careers and developing skills necessary to make meaningful decisions about their career choice. Personality and interest tests will be administered to help students identify their areas of strength.    Guest speakers from various careers will share their experiences for their chosen career, giving students the opportunity to ask questions directly withindividuals in the workplace.  College representatives will be invited to expose students to the process of
selecting a college and completing a college application including the financial aid process.
1 semester, .5 credit


Woodworking will begin with the study of the proper use and care of woodworking hand tools. As the course progresses, the student will learn more about the safe and proper use of woodworking machinery.  The course is designed for beginners.  Two projects are required. There will be a lab fee.
1 semester, .25 credit


The goal of this class is to create the school’s yearbook, Footsteps.  Students will be involved in various activities, such as, fundraising to supplement the financial needs of production, using digital cameras, and working with software for page layout.  Students will also learn and practice team working skills and decision making as they progress through the creation process.
2 semesters, 1 credit